How Many Pandas Are Left In The World?
How many panda bears are there in the world? How many wild pandas are there? How many pandas are there in captivity?
As pandas lovers, we often hear these questions. Today, we have brought the team together to answer these questions.
There are an estimated 1,864 wild pandas and 600 pandas in captivity, including 162 that are rented by zoos outside China.
In this blog, you will learn exactly how these bamboo eaters are distributed on our blue planet, whether in captivity or in the wild.
Source : Cool Panda T-Shirt (We-Love-Panda©)
How many wild pandas are left?
In 2015, China revealed the results of the 4th national census of giant pandas and their habitat. This document is proof of the effectiveness of the panda conservation. Carried out every ten years, this census requires several years of field analysis. So, the next official figures will be in 2025.
There would be 1,864 wild pandas into the wild, i.e. 268 more wild pandas than in 2005. This represents a 16.79% increase in the panda population. The habitat of the giant panda represents 2,577,000 hectares compared to 2,304,991 hectares in 2005. This represents an increase of 11.80%.
- Panda population increase in the wild
These excellent results have been completed, thanks to the conservation efforts of the WWF association and the Chinese government. Indeed, WWF plays an important role in the creation of new nature reserves. Also, WWF has developed many conservation programs for giant pandas and their habitat. WWF has also set up co-development projects for local populations. Local people should not perceive the panda's protection as a threat. Thus, education programs are a means of making progress on conservation and development issues.
- The Panda an endangered species in the wild
But, efforts must continue, as 33% of wild pandas live in unprotected areas and are vulnerable. And 46% of the panda's habitat is outside nature reserves. This panda habitat is critical to the preservation of the panda. Pandas are no longer affected by habitat loss, but by habitat fragmentation. 12% of wild individuals are at higher risk than in the past due to habitat fragmentation.
- Where do pandas live in the wild?
The natural habitat of pandas is in China, in three provinces: Shaanxi, Gansu and Sichuan. They are spread over 6 major mountain ranges:
- The Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces.
- The Min shan Mountains in the provinces of Gansu and Sichuan.
- Qinghai, Daxiangling, Xiaoxiangling and Liangshan Mountains in Sichuan province.
How many pandas are in captivity?
There are 600 pandas in captivity, including 162 in zoos outside China. And wherever giant pandas are on display, visitors flock to see them. In zoos outside China with pandas or in Chinese zoos, the excitement of children and adults is real.
There are now 21 countries, including China, that hold pandas in captivity. A captive population of 300 pandas provides a genetic diversity to sustain the species for 100 years. And a population of 600 pandas provides a population diverse enough to sustain the species for 200 years. In China, many zoos exhibit black and white bears. China has three large institutions that house giant pandas for breeding. Regular exchanges of pandas are between these zoos and institutions. These exchanges make it possible to vary the partners, maximize genetic exchanges and limit inbreeding. The three centers are :
- The Shaanxi Wildlife Rescue and Research Center.
- The Chengdu Panda Base for Giant Panda Breeding.
- The China Giant Panda Research and Conservation Center.
Why are pandas in captivity?There are several advantages to the captivity of giant pandas:
- Awareness. The panda's exhibition educates and raises awareness of the threats to pandas and their habitat. It is also an opportunity to talk about the other species that share the giant panda's habitat.
- Saving the species. The threat of extinction facing wild pandas makes captive breeding meaningful.
- Cost-effective. Zoos provide $1 million a year in funding to protect the panda's habitat. Pandas exposition encourages politicians and businesses to commit funds to protect the species.
- Useful for research. Pandas in captivity serve as a resource for biological research. Better knowledge of the species is essential for better population management.
- For the future. Maintaining a panda's population in captivity ensures the survival of the species if an unexpected population decline. This population will allow the depopulation of viable natural reserves.
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So, there are now enough panda in captivity to ensure the survival of the species for the next 200 years. But due to the small population and the dangers of urbanization, the panda is still an endangered species.
If you too you love pandas and want to help preserve them, come and visit our shop : We-Love-Panda.com. Indeed, 5% of our profits will be donated to the WWF association. The amount of the donation will be published each year on our social networks. Because even if the actions are not taken in Washington, you have the power to change the world.
Sources :GIANT PANDA GLOBAL CHINA HIGHLIGHTS